:: Volume 25, Issue 1 (3-2023) ::
J Babol Univ Med Sci. 2023; Volume 25 Back to browse issues page
The Effectiveness of Well-Being Therapy on Coping Strategies and Self-Efficacy of Patients with Chronic Neuropathic Pain
F Dehestani , B Mirzaian * , R Hassanzadeh , P Saadat
1.Department of Psychology, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, I.R.Iran. , bahrammirzaian@gmail.com
Abstract:   (970 Views)
Background and Objective: Neuropathic diseases are neurodegenerative conditions and a wide and difficult group of peripheral nerve diseases in humans. Since well-being therapy emphasizes the high levels of six domains of psychological well-being, this study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of well-being therapy on pain coping strategies and self-efficacy of patients with chronic neuropathic pain.
Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 30 chronic neuropathic patients referred to Ayatollah Rouhani hospital in Babol and a neurologist's private office in two groups of experimental and control (n=15). Well-being therapy was performed in 8 sessions of 120 minutes, once a week for the experimental group, while the control group received the routine treatment. After the follow-up period, the control group also underwent psychotherapy. Both groups completed questionnaires of pain coping strategies (Rosenstiel and Keefe, 1985) and pain self-efficacy (Nicholas, 1989) in the pre-test, post-test and follow-up (two months after the post-test) and were compared.
Findings: The results showed that there was a statistically significant difference between the two experimental and control groups in the score of the subscales of pain coping strategies in distraction from pain (23.13±3.88 versus 11.47±7.34) (p<0.001), reinterpretation of pain (17.33±5.56 versus 13.0±8.65) (p=0.114), catastrophizing (10.0±6.24 versus 16.33±5.4) (p<0.001), ignoring pain (24.4±6.67 versus 12.6±5.11) (p<0.001), hoping/praying (29.13±9.97 versus 22.4±5.7) (p=0.031), self-talk (25±4.03 versus 21.2±4.79) (p=0.026), behavioral activation (20.47±4.43 versus 11.20±4.94) (p<0.001) and pain self-efficacy (43.2±9.45 versus 33.33±13.34) (p=0.027). These results were maintained in the follow-up period.
Conclusion: The present study showed that wellness therapy can be an effective intervention in improving pain coping strategies and increasing pain self-efficacy in chronic neuropathic patients.
Keywords: Coping Strategies, Self-Efficacy, Neuropathic, Chronic Pain.
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Type of Study: Interventional | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2022/05/19 | Accepted: 2022/10/4 | Published: 2023/06/7

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Volume 25, Issue 1 (3-2023) Back to browse issues page