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:: Volume 18, Issue 7 (7-2016) ::
JBUMS 2016, 18(7): 68-77 Back to browse issues page
Brain Death in Islamic Jurisprudence
A Nikzad *, GA Jorsaraei
Department of Islamic Studies, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, I.R.Iran , alijorsara@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3403 Views)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In todaychr('39')s world, Islamic jurisprudence encounters  new issues. One of the areas where jurisprudence gets involved is the issues concerned with brain death, whether brain death in jurisprudence and Islamic law is considered the end of life. In this study, brain death was discussed from the Shiite jurisprudence perspective and also the opinions of the specialists are taken into account.

METHODS: This study is designed based on library collection and review of the literature in the field of brain death. Also, Quranic verses, hadiths and fatwas (religious opinions) of the scholars are used. Some of the articles which were centered around Islamic jurisprudence, particularly Shiite jurisprudence that explain and deal with brain death were given special consideration.

FINDINGS: Brain death from religious and jurisprudence perspective is considered the termination of life and removing the vital organs from the body is not viewed as committing manslaughter. A person with brain death is not a normally known injured man who is still alive. The brain death patinets have no life and getting rid of the body does not constitute a case of manslaughter. Amputation of the organs of brain death patients for donation and transplantation amounts to the amputation of a dead body. If the life of a Muslim is subject to transplant of organs from the body of a brain death patient, it will be permissible.

CONCLUSION: In principle, if the life of a Muslim entails transplant of organs of brain death patients, it will be permissible 

Keywords: Brain death, Religious death, Jurisprudence verdicts, Amputation, Organ transplants
Full-Text [PDF 323 kb]   (1411 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review | Subject: A
Received: 2016/05/17 | Accepted: 2016/06/20 | Published: 2016/06/20
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Nikzad A, Jorsaraei G. Brain Death in Islamic Jurisprudence. JBUMS. 2016; 18 (7) :68-77
URL: http://jbums.org/article-1-6100-en.html

Volume 18, Issue 7 (7-2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بابل Journal of Babol University of Medical Sciences

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