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Relationship between the depression and periodontal indicators among the elderly of Amirkola
M Hozuri , F Khirkhah , S R Hossieni , F Baladi , M Mehryari , M Haji Mirza , MM Naghibi , A Shirzad , E Mahmoudi , ZS Madani , A Bijani , R Ghadimi , M Motalebnejad , N Jenabian
7. Dental Materials Research Center, Institute of Health, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, I.R.Iran , njenabian@hotmail.com
Abstract:   (349 Views)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Since the results of studies on the association of depression signs and periodontal indices have so far been inconsistent, this study aimed to determine the correlation of these two cases.
METHODS: The cross-sectional case-control study is part of second series of data obtained from a cohort study titled Survey of the Health Status of the Elderly of Amir Kola.. The subjects were randomly selected into two groups: periodontitis (100 elderly) and control (200 healthy elderly). Periodontitis criteria was (periodontal disease index) PDI≥4. The two groups were compared in terms of signs of depression, which were measured by Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). Periodontal indices were OHIS (Oral Hygine Index Simplified), Periodontal Disease Index (PDI).
Data were analyzed by SPSS 18 software via t-test , chi-squared test and multivariate analysis of logistic regression. P value 0.05 was considered significant.
FINDINGS: The study included 133 women and 167 men. The percentage of people with depression signs in the periodontitis group was higher than the healthy group, although it was not statistically significant (p=0.43). Also, the mean GDS score in periodontitis patients was 3.70  3.68 and in healthy subjects it was 3.49  3.40, which was slightly higher in the periodontitis group. Although, this difference was not statistically significant (p=0.62).
It seems that with increasing age, men, lower education and smoking, the percentage of people with periodontitis was higher, which was statistically significant only in smoking and education level.(respectively ;p=0.042,p= 0.009).
In this study, a positive and slight relationship was found between age and PDI(r= 0.001 P=0.19). On the other hand, there was no significant correlation between GDS and PDI.
CONCLUSION: According to the findings of this study, it did not appear to be a strong positive association between the periodontal indices and depression signs.
Keywords: Depression signs, Periodontitis, Elderly.
     
Type of Study: Case-Control | Subject: DP
Received: 2020/01/19 | Accepted: 2020/02/4 | Published: 2020/04/25
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مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بابل Journal of Babol University of Medical Sciences

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