:: Volume 18, Issue 6 (6-2016) ::
JBUMS 2016, 18(6): 66-72 Back to browse issues page
Cloning and Expression Vector Construction of Glutamate Decarboxylase Gene from Lactobacillus Plantarum
B Arabpour, A Esmaeili *, M Rabbani
Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, I.R.Iran , aesmaeili@sci.ui.ac.ir
Abstract:   (5421 Views)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a four-carbon non-protein amino acid used in the treatment of hypertension, diabetes, inflammation, and depression. GABA is synthesized by glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) enzyme in many organisms, including bacteria. Therefore, cloning of this enzyme is essential to the optimization of GABA production. This study aimed to clone and construct the expression vector of GAD gene from Lactobacillus plantarum PTCC 1058 bacterium.

METHODS: In this experimental study, we investigated the morphological, biochemical, genetic and 16s rDNA sequencing of L. plantarum PTCC 1058 strain. Genomic DNA of the bacterium was isolated and amplified using the GAD gene via polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Afterwards, the gene was inserted into the pJET1.2/blunt cloning vector and subcloned in vector pET32a. Plasmid pET32a-gad expression vector was transformed in Escherichia coli BL21 strain, and protein expression was assessed using sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE).

FINDINGS: Morphological, biochemical and genetic analyses of 16s rDNA sequencing indicated that the studied substrain was of the L. plantarum strain. In addition, results of nucleotide sequencing of the fragmented segment via PCR showed the presence of GAD gene. Results of colony PCR and SDS-PAGE analysis confirmed the accuracy of the cloning and gene expression of the recombinant Escherichia coli BL21 strain.

CONCLUSION: According to the results of this study, cloning of GAD gene from L. plantarum PTCC 1058 was successful. These cloned genes could grow rapidly in prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems and be used in cost-effective culture media and even non-recyclable waste.

Keywords: Cloning, Gamma-aminobutyric acid, Glutamate acid decarboxylase, Lactobacillus plantarum
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: J
Received: 2015/08/19 | Accepted: 2016/05/18 | Published: 2016/06/5

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Volume 18, Issue 6 (6-2016) Back to browse issues page